FIGURE 2.2

Paolo Freire’s concept of transformative action (from his book Pedagogy of the Oppressed, 1970) suggests that action, reflection, learning and dialogue together with others (kanohi ki te kanohi) develops a critical consciousness capable of understanding structures of power and recognising social and political contradictions. 

This diagram by Graham Hingangaroa Smith re-imagines this concept as non-linear, where all components occur simultaneously and continuously over time. 

It has been copied from the original source by my son Louie (b. 2013), in exchange for $20 worth of Pokémon trading cards from TradeMe.